Skip to main content

About your Search

20130201
20130228
STATION
MSNBC 15
MSNBCW 14
FOXNEWS 12
CNNW 4
CNN 3
CSPAN 1
KNTV (NBC) 1
WRC (NBC) 1
LANGUAGE
English 69
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 69 (some duplicates have been removed)
MSNBC
Feb 1, 2013 1:00pm EST
does this leave him? assume that he gets confirmed, he has to be a tough -- a tough guy at the pentagon. he is going to be tough with congress. he has to deal with the potential of the sequester, fighting for the budget that he does get, dealing with all of the problems that come at you when you are in charge of the pentagon and the generals and the other members of the joint chiefs are going to feel they can run over him. >> we'll see about that. i assume that every general with any number of stars was watching intently yesterday, and might have had that thought in mind. you said another important word, which is sequester. it's going to be a huge mess over there trying to, first, anticipate this, and then deal with whatever the new reality is. i do think that it was ugly yesterday. it was ugly on both sides. the white house wasn't so much from what i heard defending his performance as saying that those mean republicans also performed in an ugly and bad and not very attractive way. i don't think anybody looked particularly good in that showdown. i also think it's very clear that this is
FOX News
Feb 15, 2013 3:00pm PST
your tax dollars. two weeks from today, the pentagon and much of washington could be very different place. march 1 is the day, massive sending cuts are schedule -- spending cuts are scheduled to kick in. they with warning of impact in every city and town in country. there is major concern tonight about the u.s. military. jennifer griffin reports from the pentagon. >> congress left town. when they come back in ten days they will have five days to act if they want to stop the huge budget cuts known as sequestration. here is one thing republicans and the democrats can agree upon. >> we used every adjective known to man to say this is dumb. can we agree this is a dumb thing? >> yes. >> okay. >> yet the finger pointing continues. >> mr. speaker, we are on the brink of achieve republican policy of sequester. >> speaker of the house taken to call it president's sequester. the defense secretary put it more bluntly. >> we need to find solutions. we can't sit here and complain and blame others. we have can't point fingers at each other. >> army chief ray odinero warn it may push him to expand
MSNBC
Feb 21, 2013 2:30am PST
talked about. the pentagon will be hit by this. that same set of polling far more americans would blame republicans if what they call the sequester kicks in. less than one third would hold the president accountable. still more than a week away, already it appears the writing is on the wall. civilian employees have been told by the pentagon they'll be placed on unpaid leave, at least one day a week. democrats are calling for congress to reconvene to deal with this mess. secretary of state john kerry is reminding his former colleagues that actions here at home do have global implications. >> it's often said that we cannot be strong at home if we're not strong in the world, but in these days of a looming budget sequester that everyone actually wants to avoid or most, we can't be strong in the world unless we are strong at home. my credibility as a diplomat to create order is strongest when america at last puts its own fiscal house in order and that has to be now. let's reach a responsible agreement that prevents these senseless cuts. >> senator marco rubio continues his week long trip to t
FOX News
Feb 26, 2013 8:00am PST
. jenna: we researched the pentagon for a independent staff we haven't got it yet. we have the research department said if we had revisions in afghanistan over the years and we haven't found any. they told the associated press doesn't tell the full story of progress against the taliban. >> fair enough. it is a snapshot, not the movie. once again i think it is pretty important when the administration uses this. panetta said last year that attacks were down in afghanistan in 2012. it doesn't seem to be the case. if we need to get more answers. jenna: we'll look for more information. we continue to cover the story throughout the day here on fox news. peter, thanks for your insight. >> thanks for having me. jon: one town's attempt to go green has some folks seeing red amid complaints wind turbines are making people sick. all this could end up costing taxpayers millions. we're live with that story. >>> plus, what do you get when you cross a rodeo, kids and sheep? the answer is on the way. [ male announcer ] how do you measure happiness? by the armful? by the barrelful? e carful? how about...
FOX News
Feb 3, 2013 3:00pm PST
the administration policy? he did not know what his own policy was, he is going to be the head of the pentagon. well it raises questions on shows like this but it will not affect --. >>chris: it would not raise a question in your mind? >>guest: he because not as crisp as he might have been but he misspoke it wasn't as if he projected a real difference on policy with the administration. what matters is how he performs as secretary of state. behalf nature set the bar high and i think chuck hagel will clear that bar. >>chris: laura, during his testimony he did not seem to know or think much about major issues of the pentagon or funding and he calls the iranian government elected? >>guest: the russians and chinese were it will watching how this played out because bill kristol was right saying it was not second rate performance it could have been the worst performance that ever took place at a confirmation hearing and that is saying something. as the secretary of defense it should not be that you won two purple hearts in battle. his patriotism is not questioned. merit should count. he is going to have to
FOX News
Feb 27, 2013 8:00am PST
'hanlon, senior fellow of foreign policy studies at the brookings institution. essentially the pentagon counted attacks taken place against, you know, anti-taliban forces and found them down about 7% but then somebody said, oh, wait a minute. we forgot to count attacks on afghan-led units. seems a little surprising. >> it is clearly a mistake they should not have made. on the other hand i'm sure it wasn't intentional. by the way the number of attacks against afghan units were a lot more than 7% of the total. the good news in 2012 the war hasn't gone away, the fighting hasn't gone away, the war has not ended if our role is declining. afghan security forces are doing more and more fighting. the number of attacks against them the fatalities they suffered three times or four times as many as coalition fatalities. it may even be more or five. the as we pulled out our troops during the fighting season the a evident loo the violence didn't get worse. the afghan security forces did more and more of the fighting. i'm not saying this is good news. in the context of an overall transition to a afghan-led e
FOX News
Feb 27, 2013 7:00pm PST
to the money spent, but is anyone actually looking? what dollar goes out of the pentagon to a contractor in iraq and what we're getting. >> we pay a premium, the green zone is very limited. a lot of these people are literally sitting there twiddling their thumbs because they can't get away from the embassy compound. i think it's a huge waste. >> greta: why are we paying them a premium if they can't do anything? >> again, this is where we're' trying to push the president to say, this should not stand. >> greta: we've been in iraq for, you know, for 10 or 11 years and this doesn't just come up now. this is pouring into the war and whatever you want to call it now for 10 or 11 years and has anyone actually gone back to see where we've spent money. what we've got for it and whether or not it's simply just bloat? >> oh, absolutely. a special inspector general for afghan reconstruction and they called the cigar and then the cigeur. and the special inspector and we don't hear about it in the press. >>. >> greta: and the money, do we get it back. >> no, no. >> greta: what do you mean we don't ge
CNN
Feb 22, 2013 1:00pm PST
at the pentagon, chuck hagel, and then john brennan, his pick for the cia. obviously the benghazi matter is an obstacle for chuck hagel's confirmation and vote there in congress and then this john brennan matter is very important to the issue of these targeted drone strikes, rand paul, the senator from kentucky has said that he is willing to hold up that vote on john brennan. if he doesn't receive assurances from the white house that the united states will not target any drone strikes on americans on american soil. so some of this information i think the administration is hoping will at least for now satisfy some of those members with these concerns, wolf. >> it's going to be a tough battle, i take it. both of these confirmations likely to go through next week. but it's by no means a done deal, is it? >> reporter: it's not a -- especially when you have senators saying they may hold up nominees and so we're going to have to wait and see whether or not senator paul is satisfied with the information that he's getting from the white house. but this is perhaps, you know, a break in an impasse
FOX News
Feb 3, 2013 1:00pm PST
talk shows and defended the man nominated to succeed him at the pentagon. panetta suggested the tough questioning senator hagel faced during third's capitol hill hearing, was driven by politics. >> it is pretty obvious the political knives were out for chuck hagel. what disappointed me is that they talked a lot about past quotes but what about when a secretary of defense is confronting today? we did not see enough time spent on discussing those issues. in the end that is what counted. >> he says hagel should have been questions about issues like afghanistan, the middle east, and the looming budget cuts at the pentagon but he came underfire for past statements of israel, iran, and u.s. nuclear strategy. at least 12 republicans plan to vote against hagel while only two, so far, have said they would vote for him. that is congress ran of mississippi, and a senator from nebraska. observers on both sides thought hagel did not do such a great job at the hearing. >> disconcerting thing, obviously fox anyone that watched it, he seemed unimpressive and unprepared on the questions that he knew w
MSNBC
Feb 12, 2013 11:00am PST
news pentagon krontd jim miklaszewski joins us live. we just got a note secretary kerry was informed just before 11:00 p.m. yesterday and he is also spoken with the chinese foreign minister wels japan foreign minister on this issue. what are we likely to hear and see next? >> reporter: the focus is on china. even though china may have joined in condemning the act, the proof is in the pudding. they will have to step up and actually join in enforcing stricter, tighter sanctions against north korea. all this time, while the international community particularly the u.s. has been ratcheting up those sanctions against north korea, china has continued to provide oil and other critical supplies to north korea ignoring the international sanctions. so it really falls on china at this point. if they're really serious and in any kind of condemnation against north korea for this nuclear test to step up and join in these international sanctions, tamron. >> you have mentioned in your prior reports today, mick, this was an eye opener for anyone who belonged that kim jung un was different from his fa
MSNBC
Feb 15, 2013 10:00am PST
former top pentagon official, and next, how close could that giant asteroid come to earth? just a little over an hour from now? look outside. this is "andrea mitchell reports" on only on msnbc. [ male announcer ] why is kellogg's crunchy nut so delicious? because every flake is double-toasted... splashed with sweet honey... and covered in rich double-roasted peanuts. mmm. [ hero ] yummy. [ male announcer ] kellogg's crunchy nut. it's super delicious! [ male announcer ] kellogg's crunchy nut. ( ♪ ) for those nights when it's more than a bad dream, be ready. for the days when you get a sudden call from the school, be ready. for the times you need to double-check the temperature on the thermometer, be ready. when you have children's motrin on hand, you're ready. for high fever, nothing works faster or lasts longer than children's motrin. be ready with children's motrin. this single scoop of gain gives more freshness than a whole box of this other stuff... and that much freshness is gonna take some getting used to... [ sniffing ] ahh. mmm! [ male announcer ] yep, it's amazing what a single
MSNBC
Feb 26, 2013 6:00am PST
to be hurt by the pentagon furloughs. the first republican to travel on air force one since may. virginia's republican devastating cuts telling the president and congress it's time to fix it now. mcdonnell will join us later this house. >>> the white house admitted monday no talks or phone calls scheduled this week between the president and congressional leaders. instead yesterday for the second thyme in a row the white house press briefing featured a cabinet secretary issuing dire sequester warnings. >> i don't think we can maintain the same level of security at all places around the country with sequester as without sequester. if you have 5,000 fewer border patrol agents, you have 5,000 fewer border patrol agents. >> also almost gleefully confirmed that therer with no meetings that were going to happen. mcconnell's spokesman said, no, there is no active negotiation from the white house. that would get in the way of the president's campaigning. there is fingerpointing, a ton of it. >> the only republicans in the entire country rejecting a balanced compromise are republicans in this build
FOX News
Feb 15, 2013 6:00am PST
: democrats say they have a plan the massive defense cuts that are looming over the pentagon. we'll give you a hint. it includes billions of dollars in more taxes. we'll ask chris wallace about this. owe is coming up. bill: crews are racing to repair damage from hurricane sandy still to this day in time for memorial weekend. remember that shot, the iconic roller coaster in the ocean? it is still there. ♪ [ male announcer ] start with a groundbreaking car. good. then invent an entirely new way to buy one. no. no. no. yes! a website that works like a wedding registry. but for a car. first, you customize it. then let people sponsor the car's parts as gifts. dad sponsors the engine for your birthday. grandma sponsors the rims for graduation. the car gets funded. then you pick up your new dodge dart at the dealership. and all that's left to do is say thanks. easy. ♪ chances are, you're not made of money, so don't overpay for motorcycle insurance. geico, see how much you could save. bill: a billion dollars in bets made by one person. former san diego mayor maureen o'connor admitted to using tw
MSNBC
Feb 18, 2013 2:00am PST
. >>> president obama's nominee to run the pentagon will have to wait at least another week for an up or down vote in the senate. but it now appears chuck hagel will get that vote when senators return. at least two top republicans say they will stop efforts to stall his confirmation. that filibuster came a day after hagel was approved by the armed services by a party-line vote. one of his most vocal opponents says while he doesn't believe hagel is qualified, he won't hold up the process. >> i thought we had an agreement to wait a week so the remaining questions would be answered, but i understand the white house wanted a vote. they got a vote. we will have a vote when we get back. i'm confident that senator hagel will probably have the votes necessary to be confirmed as the secretary of defense. >> the gop it says blocked hagel's nomination in an effort to further examine his record and views on israel and iran. senate majority leader harry reid hopes to bring a final vote to the floor when congress goes back in session next monday. >>> residents in coastal new england are cleaning up after yet an
MSNBC
Feb 21, 2013 3:00am PST
out of federal programs and the pentagon. 800,000 civilian employees have been told by the defense department that they will likely be placed on unpaid leave. with the house and senate still in recess, a number of democrats are calling for congress to reconvene to deal with this mess. secretary of state john kerry, meanwhi meanwhile, is reminding his former colleagues that actions here at home do have global implications. take a listen. >> it is often said that we cannot be strong at home if we're not strong in the world. but in these days of a looming budget sequester that everyone actually wants to avoid, or most, we can't be strong in the world unless we are strong at home. my credibility is a diplomat, working to help other countries create order is strongest when america, at last, puts its own fiscal house in order. and that has to be now. let's reach a responsible agreement that prevents these senseless consults. let's not lose this opportunity because of politics. >> you know, mike barnicle, politics is such a cruel, cruel game. seriously. there's one guy that gets to the to
FOX News
Feb 28, 2013 3:00pm PST
of the republican plan provoid flexibility for president so agencies like the pentagon could carry out reductions strategically. >> they could go to the service chief on defense side and the agency on the department head on nondefense side and say okay, look. you are used to budgets growing and growing. >> some republicans don't want to give the executive branch power to move money. >> they close down the tax loophole and the flexibility to ask the rich of the rich to contribute more. instead, they're completely inflexible. >> plan offered by senate democrats using tax revenue derailed after the budget office said it would increase the deficit by $7.# billion in the next decade. >> motion not agreed to. >> in an interview for upcoming documentary, the senate leader says facing another deadline should haven't gotten this point. >> we know this was coming. why are we here? why are we here at the 11th hour. no more 11th hour deal. >> mcconnell predicted tomorrow's meeting a in the white house with the top four congressional leaders would be nothing more than a photo op. essentially congress is done
MSNBC
Feb 20, 2013 3:00pm PST
to lose their jobs this year alone. >>> the pentagon today passed a plan to furlough 8,000 workers if the cuts take effect. it's shameful. and the president is fighting that. today, he gave interviews to 8 different tv shows around the country, demand gd the gop stop these spending cuts, and, instead, close loopholes for the rich. >> instead of us cutting education, mental health programs and a whole range of other things that are really important, we should be focused on programs that we know don't work, waste in government and some of these tax holes that, frankly, only benefit the well-off and the well connected. now i only need congress to act and they've got 9 days to do it. >> the president is fighting to stop these cuts. but as we said last night, if they do happen, you'll know who to thank. if your child loses the head start program, thank the republicans. if you have to pay more for your milk because of the food inspectors, thank the republicans. and if you're one of the hundreds of thousands of people who lose their jobs, remember to thank the republicans. joining me now
MSNBC
Feb 2, 2013 11:00am PST
is going to the other side. that said when he is in the pentagon and controls the military in that capacity, they will have to deal with him and have the same interest in common. both parties want to keep the u.s. strong and safe and chuck hagel has been through worse. believe me, he has seen much more incoming than at that hearing. >> republican strategist, good to see you. thank you. >> good to see you. >> still ahead on the saturday afternoon, the latest on the scandal around the top u.s. senator. first, on this date, an announcement that led to the moment so many had been calling for. eventually to the end of apartheid. you are watching msnbc the place for politics. but don't worry, he'll find someone else. ♪ who's that lady? ♪ who's that lady? ♪ sexy lady, who's that lady? [ female announcer ] swiffer 360 dusters extender cleans high and low, with thick all around fibers that attract and lock up to two times more dust than a feather duster. swiffer gives cleaning a whole new meaning. and now swiffer dusters refills are available with the fresh scent of gain. i just served my moth
MSNBC
Feb 16, 2013 9:00am PST
have trouble managing the pentagon and bring in any reforms he might want to do. it sets up the idea, is this going to be business as usual? it is an unprecedented move to filibuster a defense nominee in the area of national security. first time it's ever happened. but could this be the norm? >> let's talk about senator john mccain who heightened a few issues here the republicans have with chuck hagel. >> to be honest with you, it goes back to, there's a lot of ill-will towards senator hagel because when he was a republican, he attacked president bush mercilessly, at one point said he was the worst president since herbert hoover, said that the surge was the worst blunder since the vietnam war, which is nonsense. and was very anti-his own party and people. people don't forget that. you can disagree but if you're disagreeable, people don't forget that. >> what do you think is the gop's strategy here and is there a sense at all that they might be creating more bad p.r. for the party because hagel appears to be on his way to being confirmed anyway? you heard david saying that they're jus
FOX News
Feb 14, 2013 3:00am PST
the government watching? >>brian: the government will provide life lock for the pentagon, which we offer now is some kind of protection because we don't want all our secret cables to be exposed by idiots like the one we just had -- >> that's different from what the president did the other day. the government has an obligation to protect the pentagon. the government does not have an obligation to protect you or fox news or me or "the new york times." so what's the government going to do? the government is going to share information with major internet providers. and pretty soon it's going to say to the internet providers, all that information we gave you about us, we now want information about you. we want to know about kilmeade's e-mails. we're worried about him. we want to know who he's pha*eulg -- e-mailing so we can keep him safe. baloney. protect the government, but leave the rest of us with privacy. if you're going to interfere with the internet, should it be done by the command of one person -- the president -- or should it be done after great national debate and the congress? >>gretch
FOX News
Feb 22, 2013 3:00am PST
the pentagon which is why the sequester idea was terrible. it's a choice between higher tacks and lower military spending. i don't know who agreed to that. the president likes that choice. >> even if congress would get together and give him the authority to change the areas we cut, even though we stay at the same dollar line, you would be of the opinion he would want to cut the military? >> absolutely. i think we will have the sequestration. i think the objective should be as soon as we can get military spending back up where it should be and cut domestic spending more deeply. >> former ambassador to the united nations, john bolton. great to see you. have a great weekend. >> thank you. >> remember the mayor and fired himself when the town was broke? he says it's not his fault he's illiterate. and did george washington really chop down a cherry tree? we have three minutes to study up because we are taking a history test. brian is getting behind the podium. that makes me nervous. are you cheating? >> what is this about george washington and me staying behind the podium? >> bite out of an
FOX News
Feb 2, 2013 6:00am EST
camerota. rough ride for pick to run the pentagon. chuck hagel's hearing questions questions his competence. the white house thinks he did just fine? >> we are moments away from finding out whether we are stuck with six more weeks of winter. punxsutawney phil about to give his first alert forecast. let's all say it now, gobbler's knob. that's where we are going. >> punxsutawney, pennsylvania. the big easy gearing up for the big game. brian kilmeade is on the bayou with some huge guests. we are going to look for his shadow as well. "fox & friends" hour two starts right now. >> happy groundhogs day. >> good saturday afternoon, good morning, i don't know. saturday morning. >> it is afternoon somewhere. >> maybe in new zealand it's saturday afternoon. good morning, everyone. we are just a few days away from brian kilmeade being able to watch the game live super bowl game live. there is brian kilmeade staring at cheerleaders. >> it's the 49ers facing off against the ravens. super bowl number 47. good morning to you, brian. what's you got for us? >> first up, i think it's time to meet some of the
CSPAN
Feb 15, 2013 10:30pm EST
the pentagon and military posts have strong seasoned leadership teams. regardless of having the secretary or not having one is a portent concern. -- a point of concern. you have a good strong team that will be able to manage through this process. they have seen this coming. as you would expect the military to do, they are prepared. host: new hampshire, and the pennant caller -- caller: morning and thank you. i am so tired of the irresponsibility of the republicans. the chuck hagel thing is preposterous. how does it serve the nation to delay the president's choice? it is the first time in history that a filibuster has been used against a cabinet the sequester is the height of irresponsibility. why risk a potential double dip recession just so you can score political points? finally, you criticized the president for being out of washington and yet, -- that was and finally -- hear you are supporting a filibuster and finally, though you partly answer the question or just now, what your district and tails are large installations, i assume, other than fort campbell in your district. my brother
FOX News
Feb 8, 2013 5:00pm PST
to the editor and of course the car tunes. printing resumed after world war ii and the pentagon has published it regularly ever since on paper and online. our soldiers got the news 95 years ago today. and now you know the news for this friday, snow apocalypse friday february the 8th, 2013. we are keeping close watch on two stories. the hunt for the cop killer on the west coast, the snow apocalypse on the east coast. we are here for you throughout the night. >> bill: the o'reilly factor is on. tonight: >> i believe i heard you saying. >> yes i, did. >> did you say [bleep] me? >> bill: reacting to gross disrespect angry florida judge sentenced 18-year-old to 30 days in jail for cursing him. now there is a new turn in this case. we'll tell you all about it. >> we believe dorner shot and killed monica quan and keith lawrence while they sat in a vehicle in a parking structure. >> former l.a. police officer murders three innocent people and some folks are on the internet are actually applauding that. a shocking situation which geraldo will analyze. >> this is just another hack who wants 5 minutes o
MSNBC
Feb 19, 2013 3:00pm PST
, the pentagon. i mean, when you look at that and you're balancing it off against oil and gas subsidies, yachts and corporate jet loopholes, i mean, come on. do they really think the american people are stupid? >> even beyond that politics -- i completely agree with how you set it up, but beyond that politics, remember the reason we got to this point was because republicans wanted to push us over the debt ceiling crisis, threaten default. these cuts were supposed to be the things that republicans wouldn't want to do. so if republicans won't stop us weakens the national security position of the united states, then what do republicans stand for? they have an even bigger problem than just dealing with first responders. what do republicans think are important? if it's not national security or the cuts they were supposed to stop from happening, then where do they draw the line? republicans just don't know what they are standing up for anymore. >> and it looks like they're willing to let it go right now. the odds are between slim and none. and slim is on vacation until next week. >> that's right. the
CNN
Feb 12, 2013 9:00am PST
in an area not known for earthquakes. now the cia and pentagon are trying to learn much, much more about what happened in that test. want to bring in our pentagon correspondent, barbara starr. what have we learned from this? tell us what happened. >> reporter: well, you know, as you said, right now the intelligence community, the military, has to figure out what they know, what they suspect happened. think of this as csi north korea but not being able to go to the scene of the crime. what they're looking at is that seismic activity and trying to work their way backwards as to what happened. they believe now that this was, of course, an underground nuclear test, possibly several kilotons. but they need to get better analysis, they need to get air sampling, see what is now released into the atmosphere, and try and assess from all of that what happened. once they know that, the next set of questions, the next part of the investigation, how did north korea pull it off? where did they get help? did they get help? did they have the technology, the engineering expertise, fabrication to really do the
FOX News
Feb 25, 2013 3:00am PST
out of the defense department on sequester and taken them to other places in the pentagon where fat could be cut. stand up and be counted. put solutions on the table and we can cut spending and preserve defense capability. >>gretchen: there were governors on the talk shows yesterday, bipartisan support for what you're saying from governor o'malley and virginia's governor mcdonnell. let me ask you what you think the world reaction is to watching the united states, the biggest superpower in the world, talking so drastically about cuts to the pentagon and the military? >> the world sees yet another signal that america already has and will have to pull back from its obligations. enemies see weakness. allies see the potential for jumping back and forth on obligations to allies. i think they see equivocation, weakness and they wonder where america is going to be in its role in the world. that foments more violence which makes defense more necessary. >>gretchen: let's see what happens. deadline coming up this friday. coming up, he fought the president on unions and won. now governor walker
MSNBC
Feb 9, 2013 11:00am PST
to some of the employees, civilian employees of the pentagon and some other places. the 85 billion in cuts is through the rest of the fiscal year through september 30th and we're not even talking a full year. it's 50/50 between the defense cuts and the discretionary am doestic spending cuts and the warnings that we're hearing from experts on national security are very severe and vehement. they have told us that this will be a very significant damage. >> let's put the list up here, alex. the white house put out this fact sheet yesterday on the most damaging effects of the cuts that are supposed to go into effect march 1st. 17,000 education jobs at risk. 70,000 kids being kicked off head start. nearly 400,000 mentally ill patients not receiving health care and small business loan guarantees being cut up to $540 million, roughly. the white house did not mention the massive military cuts. what was the strategy there? >> well, look. i think that for the white house, the strategy here is to emphasize that basically every american would be impacted in some way. if you emphasize defense cuts and i
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 69 (some duplicates have been removed)